Sofat Infertility Centre

Dr Sumita Sofat
Mon-Sat 10:00-18:00
9, College Road, Ludhiana, Punjab,
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Tubal Surgery

When your surgeon has recognized the damage and the pinpoint the location f the blockage. Initially, people use the surgery in order to repair the tubal damage. But nowadays, people are undergone with the IVF treatment. If the tubes have been damaged and the problem outside of the fallopian tubes, called endometriosis, In this case, the surgery will be the right choice for you. But the surgery is not recommended for the patients with the blocked tubes due to TB, this means that tubes are badly damaged. If the tubes are not blocked at the multiple places, then the tubes are blocked due to the tubal disease.

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Ivf Treatment

In Vitro Fertilization is the one of the assisted reproductive technology. This is the method in which egg is extracted and then combines egg and sperm in the dish plate in the Lab. Then, the embryo is transferred to the uterus. This treatment is performed due to the blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, decrease sperm count or sperm motility, ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, persons with the genetic disorder, unexplained infertility etc. Some of the side effects of the procedure are passing the small amount of the fluid, mild cramping, mild bloating, constipation and breast tenderness.

ICSI Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the process to directly injecting the sperm into the eggs. The process includes the mature egg is held with the special type of the Pipette. Your surgeon will use the sharp and hollow needle in order to take the single sperm.Then that needle is inserted through the shell of the egg. After this, sperm is injected into the cytoplasm and the needle is properly removed. Then, the eggs are checked after the next day for the normal fertilization. ICSI is the used to severe male infertility. This is the best solution for the certain genetic problems.

PCOS treatment

PCOS is the common problem in women. But the regular exercise, healthy diet, weight are the important elements of the PCOS treatment. Your gynecologist will also recommend the medications in order to balance your hormones. Treatment is also dependent upon the symptoms and planning of the pregnancy. There is no particular treatment for the PCOS. But it also lowers your risks of infertility, diabetes, miscarriages, uterine cancer and other cardiovascular diseases. Exercise is actually the great remedy for decreasing the blood sugar level. The regular exercise program will prevent the insulin resistance.

Blastocyst Transfer

A blastocyst transfer helps to increase the natural conception process. This is actually preparing an embryo to the stage that it can be transferred to the uterus. This method is best as compared to the IVF procedure. In the ancient methods, an embryo is transferred to the uterus before the uterus lining is properly prepared. This is usually transferred within the four days of the fertilization. But the incubating embryos are developed in the six days; this will help to develop in the blastocyst. On the six days, your embryologists will pick the two best blastocysts and inserted into a womb of the lady.

Egg Donor

Egg donation is the method in which the woman donated the eggs in order another woman will able to conceive with the help of the assisted reproduction treatment. Egg donation is mostly used in the In vitro fertilization. Eggs are being fertilized in the Laboratory. Unfertilized eggs may be frozen and can store for the later use. It is actually the third party reproduction. This process has been raised with the number of the reasons. Infertile couples who do not have the genetic problems and their own eggs does not generate the viable pregnancy, then this is best option to take the donor egg.

IUI Intrauterine Insemination

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the one of the fertility treatment that involves the placing of the sperm in the uterus of the woman in order to facilitate the fertilization process. The main objective of this treatment is to increase the number of the sperms that will reach to the fallopian tubes. The common candidates for this treatment are patients with unexplained infertility, cervical mucus problem, cervical scar tissues from the past procedure, ejaculation dysfunction. This is less invasive technique and less costly as compared to in Vitro Fertilization. But this is not recommended for those women who are having the severe fallopian diseases.

AI Artificial Insemination

Artificial insemination (AI) is the process in which the sperm is introduced into the uterus of the female in order to attain the pregnancy. This is done through the process of the Vivo fertilization. Artificial insemination uses the assisted reproductive technology, sperm donation etc. this is beneficial treatment who wants to become the mother but she is in the Lesbian relationship or the women who are in the hetro sexual relationship, but one of the partners is suffered from the infertility problem. This is the one of the most expensive and the more invasive technique. But this requires the assistance of the professional.

Fertility Specialist Consultation

Once you have decided to refer to the reproductive endocrinologist. He is also known as the infertility specialist. He is one of the important milestones towards the journey of the parenthood. What you have expected in your first consultation, you need to prepare the helpful hints and the patient checklist in order to prepare. But the cost of the fertility treatment is also dependent upon the type of treatment that you are interested to take. In your first consultation, you need to specify the full and accurate history. This will enhance your chances of the success. You need to require a lot of information in your meeting. Make notes for that.


Azoospermia is the one of the medical conditions in which semen contains the zero sperm. There is only 1% of the male population that affects with the Azoospermia. The main cause of the Azoospermia is the problem with the sperm production, there is blockage as there is no normal production of the sperm. The diagnosis of this problem when the usable sperm is found in the testis. There is the thresh hold effect on the sperm production. If the production of the sperm is high in the testis, then the sperm will spill over into the ejaculation. When the critical level of the sperm production is not met., then sperm in the testis will not mature in the testis.

IVF with Donor Eggs

There are 70% of the older women whose age is 45 take the benefit of the assisted reproductive technologies. They use donor eggs in order to conceive the child. There are 8000 babies are born with the help of the donor eggs. There is higher success rate to use IVF with the Donor Eggs. Use of the donor egg is just like the dream of having their own child. Now the use of the donor eggs in the IVF is considered to be the daily routine. There is 15% successful IVF cycle that uses the donor eggs. With the age of the women, the egg quality and quantity decrease. Under the age of 35, there is 40% of chance to have a baby with the donor eggs and IVF.

IUD Intrauterine Device

IUD is the T-shape device that goes into the uterus. There are types of this device. The first device is made up of the copper and other is used to control the hormone progestogen. This is inserted into your uterus by the experienced nurse or the doctor. This is the one of the simple and safe procedure. This usually takes 5 to 10 minutes. The hormone or the copper usually stop the sperm reaching the egg. Sometimes, sperm reaches to the egg but IUD is helpful not to attach the egg to the wall of the uterus.

male infertility treatment

When a male is not able to ejaculate, this condition is known as male infertility. The main causes of the male infertility are the infection in the testicle, chemotherapy for cancer, genetic abnormalities, hormonal problems etc. Varicoceles are mostly repaired with the surgery in order to block off the abnormal veins. This leads to the significant improvement in the fertility. Hormonal abnormalities can be treated with the help of the medicine and surgery. Sometimes, obstruction in the sperm transportation can be treated with the help of the surgery. High technology and the expensive male infertility treatment will help the sperm an artificial boost up that can be getting your egg.


Oligospermia is also referred to as Low Sperm Count and it is a form of male infertility. Generally, Oligoaspermia refers to a case where a male semen has a low concentration of sperms in an ejaculate. Males with a low sperm count are those whose semen contains less than 20 million sperm/mL. According to a reassessment of WHO, Oligospermia is categorized into 3 phases. Severe Oligospermia- sperm less than 5 million/mL Moderate Oligospermia- sperms ranging from 5 million to 10 million/mL Mild Oligospermia- sperms ranging from 10 million to 15 million/mL Oligospermia treatments range from direct medications to surgical approaches to improve sperm concentration. Treatment depends on a man's diagnostic results.


Also known as asthenospermia, refers to a low sperm motility. Sperm motility simply means the sperm's ability to travel or move to the egg or around. Asthenozoospermia may be triggered by a number of factors that include metabolic deficiencies, sperm production issues due to hormonal issues or Klinefelter's Syndrome, heat, infection, testicular injuries, and nutrition issues. Asthenozoospermia treatment normally depends on the diagnosed cause. It's treatment range from vitamins, dietary supplements, and diet. Other treatment approaches include timed sexual intercourse and prescribed medications. Home practices that can impact sperm motility include; Exercises Quit smoking Weight loss Avoiding bitter or spicy foods Impacting stress through meditation and Yoga

Egg Freezing

Egg freezing is an excellent option for combating would-be infertility in the future. The technique seems to be an effective option for eliminating the effect of "biological clock" in women. This helps to extend the childbearing years by retrieving healthier eggs from the woman's ovaries and introducing them to a technique called Oocyte Cryopreservation. This procedure involves stimulating the ovaries with hormones to produce multiple eggs that are later removed from the woman's ovary and taken to the laboratory. Medical reasons, premature ovarian failure, or opting for later pregnancy are the reasons for Egg freezing. In the future, the eggs are thawed for IVF practice

Egg Sharing

This latest IVF practice is one of the excellent ART practices for combating infertility in couples. The main players in this protocol are the egg sharers and the egg recipients. In this procedure, one woman accepts to undergo ovarian stimulation to attain healthy eggs for the IVF procedure. Multiple eggs are retrieved from her ovaries and kept for future use. Another woman who is unable to produce healthy eggs for the IVF treatment becomes the egg recipient once she obtains eggs from the woman who produced multiple eggs. This is done under clear consent between the donor and the recipient. This practice has helped increase the number of live birth rates in the fertility sector.

Embryo Freezing

Technically, Embryo freezing refers to embryo cryopreservation, a procedure where embryos are kept at low temperature to be used in the future. The technique utilizes specialized freezing approaches The procedure begins with ovarian stimulation to attain more eggs. These eggs are then joined with the male sperm to form embryos. Once the embryos are attained, a given number of the embryos are taken back to the woman's womb for pregnancy, whereas the rest of the embryos are frozen for future use by a woman, or they can be donated. The embryo freezing technique has become part of the IVF practice since the 1980s and newer techniques of embryo freezing such as vitrification are being adopted in advanced IVF centres.

Fertility Test

Generally, there is a concept that women who fail to get pregnant within one year of their marriage while having unprotected sex are infertile. However, various studies indicate that at least 7% of the women who had failed to conceive in the first year conceived in the second year. Much as it is a great concern for a couple, it is advisable that you opt for various alternatives than directly seeking ART treatments. Many women have been able to conceive after a thorough examination of their reproductive system and men getting a semen analysis to identify the cause of the conception delay.

Erectile Dysfunction

The inability to attain or maintain an erection during sexual intercourse is described as Erectile Dysfunction. ED is one of the threatening factors for male fertility, commonly referred to as impotence. Erectile Dysfunction can also be occasional and it is one of the commonest issues in males aged below 40 years. Erectile dysfunction can be treated and managed in various approaches, however, some medications may have extreme side effects. Possible ED treatments and management approaches include; Viagra Avanafil Testosterone Alprostadil Tadalafil Levitra Herbs and supplements such as Yohimbe, Asparagus racemosus, L-arginine, and DHEA Therapy for stress, depression, and anxiety can also help in elimination of ED

IMSI Intracytoplasmic Morphologically Selected Sperm Injection

This latest approach to the ICSI technique is extremely sophisticated and technically performed prior to the injection of the sperm into the egg. In this procedure, the spermatozoon is selected at higher magnification and by doing so, it is evaluated for abnormality of the nucleus. After this, the injection of a normal spermatozoon with a vacuole-free head is guaranteed. On-going studies are in process regarding the conventional ICSI procedure and the latest technique. However, numerous studies indicate that the utilization of higher magnification sperm selection provides both higher pregnancy rates and live birth rates. In addition, the rate of miscarriages is lessened by this technique.

Ovulation Induction

Female infertility may at times be associated with ovulation. Ovulation disorders are common in women heading to menopause or those younger due to hormonal imbalances and other factors. Ovulation Induction is commonly part of the ART treatments where a woman is provided with various medications to induce ovulation. In this way, viable and multiple eggs are provided to facilitate the IVF procedures. Ovulation induction is commonly performed using Clomid, Letrozole, or Gonadotropin and the right medication is provided after a discussion with a fertility expert. Candidates for Ovulation Induction are those who; Ovulate infrequently Those battling infertility Those with unexplained infertility

TESA Testicular Sperm Extraction

Testicular Sperm Aspiration is one of the commonest sperm harvesting technique in males suffering from infertility. This surgical technique is commonly applicable to men suffering from Azoospermia as a way of retrieving viable sperms for IVF treatment. The procedure is safe and minimally invasive, performed under general anesthesia for maximum comfort. The TESA technique is conducted on males with obstructive azoospermia in which sperms cannot be retrieved from the epididymis and the next alternative is the testis. During the procedure, a testicular tissue is retrieved and sent to the laboratory where it is examined for sperm extraction in the seminiferous tubules.


This is a male infertility condition where the sperm is diagnosed with abnormal morphology. The most cases of male infertility revolve around sperms and they include count, motility, and morphology. Morphology is a scientific word that means "structure" or shape. Sperms with an abnormal morphology indicate a higher risk of male infertility. The exact cause of Teratospermia is unknown, but fertility experts associate the threat to coeliac disease, Hodgkin's disease, varicocele, smoking, and Crohn's disease. Teratospermia is commonly treated with Antiestrogens and they have proven to be an effective treatment. Another treatment approach is ICSI, where a single sperm is directly injected into the egg for fertilization


For decades, surrogacy has been an excellent alternative for attaining parenthood. The method involves an agreement between two parties where a capable and healthy woman agrees to carry another person's or couple's pregnancy. There are mainly two forms of surrogacy: Traditional and Gestational Surrogacy. Currently, the gestational surrogacy is a leading type of surrogacy where there is no genetic connection between the surrogate and the baby. This is because the egg and the sperm are retrieved from the intended couple. Surrogacy is commonly applied to IVF and during the procedure, the intended mother will have to undergo ovulation stimulation to provide eggs for fertilization and the surrogate will only be prepared to carry the embryo.

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EVa Hospital

Dr Shivani Bhutanii
Mon-Sat 10:00-18:00
40 New Lajpat Nagar, Pakhowal Road, Ludhiana, Punjab , Ludhiana, Punjab,
  • Online Consultation

Ivf Treatment

ICSI Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Tubal Surgery

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