Knee Replacement surgery or arthroplasty is crucial for an elimination of pain caused by completely damaged or diseased knee joints. The damaged knee bone is replaced by a metallic, plastic or polymeric joint during the knee replacement surgery.
Possible benefits for knee replacement
Knee replacement surgery comes with several benefits a patient such as
- pain relieve
- Better movement
- Enhance life as you can participate in the routine activities
People who choose knee replacement enjoy the benefits of this surgery and are able to fully use their new knees.
Are you eligible for knee replacement?
In a well grown knee, its ends are covered with solid cartilage that enables east movement in the bones. Due to knee diseases such as Arthritis, the cartilage is damages and becomes thin. In few cases, the cartilage wears down allowing contact between the bones due to which they are worn out.
During the surgery, the damaged bone parts and cartilage are replaced with metallic or equally firm parts. These parts are used as firm cartilage that enable the joint to move freely and interlocking allows you to bend your knee easily.
In case of minor arthritis, knee replacement is not needed however if you experience too much pain due knee damage by arthritis then the surgery is required. In such case, your health care specialist will suggest other alternatives such as medicine, physiotherapy and weight loss to control the symptoms. Your surgeon will explain you the possible surgical options and their advantages as well as disadvantages considering your age, health state and performance level.
People usually choose knee replacement after 60 years. Getting the joint replacement earlier increases the chances of surgery. Although, the studies state that surgical options become better if you don’t let your knee become totally rigid or get damaged.
Who are not eligible for knee replacement?
Irrespective of the severely damaged knee, there are cases when people cannot choose knee replacement due to the following reasons:
- Lean thigh muscles
- Deep and open sores in the skin below knees that is sensitive to infection
Preparation for knee replacement surgery
It is essential to evaluate your health condition before surgery such as for diabetes or high bp. Visit your physician for dental evaluation and get the treatment for any kind of problem before you meet your surgeon. It is possible that infectious bacteria may contaminate the blood.
An experienced orthopaedic surgeon will recommend few exercises specifically for muscle strengthening for thighs that were attacked by arthritis. The strong muscles easily adept with the replaced knee and recover soon. Choose work outs that include raising your foot against earth’s gravity.
Before starting the surgery, a series of tests is performed such as:
- Blood tests for evaluating aneamia level to ensure the proper function of kidneys
- MRSA swab for body immunity against germs
- Urine check for infection
- ECG to evaluate the healthy state of your heart
Also discuss your medical history with your surgeon in order to enable them conducting a successful knee replacement surgery.